Precarious employment

China, the country at the epicentre of the globalization of production in the past twenty years, is a case in point. While employment in the private sector grew by leaps and bounds, much of it was precarious in character as the labour market was segmented by internal migration status, but also as virtually all jobs created since 1986 were based on fixed-term contracts. Census data from 2005 on urban workers show that while 73 per cent of unofficial rural migrant workers were employees, 47 per cent had no contract, 25 per cent had short-term contracts and only one per cent had a long-term contract (…) In 2008, the labour law was amended to better protect workers and allow for the conversion of fixed-term contracts into permanent ones. In a country with no right to organize independent trade unions, the absence of permanent employment relationship all the more weighed heavily on the ability of workers to voice their interest.
Source Report recommending ‘Policies and Regulations to Combat Precarious Employment’, International Labour Organization, 2011
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