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Reform of the hukou system

On the 4th of December 2014, China’s State Council presented draft regulation to reform the hukou system of household registration. Without an urban hukou, the children of migrant workers are not eligible for social benefits (education among them) in their city of residence. Under the proposal, which is open for public consultation till January 2015, qualified candidates can apply for household registration in the city they reside pending the its size and how long they have lived there. In mega-cities with populations of more than 5 million such as Beijing and Shanghai, applicants for local household registration need to meet much stricter requirements in terms of employment background, housing ownership, and contributions to social security funds. 

Source Explanation of recent reforms to the hokou system. From an article by Zhou Tian in Caixin online.
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